Hunajamarkkina

Luento EU:n hunajamarkkinoista ja hunajan väärennöksistä, 3/9/2020, Stanislav Jas, Copa-Cogeca:n hunajatyöryhmän varapuheenjohtaja

EU:n hunajamarkkinat ja hunajaväärennökset

 

Hunajan hinnat muissa EU-maissa: maksettuna mehiläishoitajille

  • Viro (joulukuu 2020: monikukkahunaja irto 4,2-4,5 €/kg (ALV 0%)
  • Ranska (syyskuu 2020): monikukkahunaja irto 3,5 €/kg (ALV 0%)
  • Ukraina (syksy 2020): monikukkahunaja irto 0,8 – 1,35 €/kg

Copa-Cogeca hunajatyöryhmän katsaus (21/10/2020)

  • France: climate change has more and more impact, production of honey OK with regional differences. Prices stable: 4€/kg rapeseed, sunflower 4,5€/kg, polyfloral 6,5€/kg, chestnut 7-7,5€/kg, lavender 8,8-9,5 €/kg (all in bulk).
  • Finland: winter losses high (30 %), production lower than average, more direct sales, prices in bulk rather steady, honey in stock from last year, climate change visible, negative impact of corona virus on farmers’ markets, somehow better honey sales on internet, increase in sales in retail stores and supermarket chains
  • Italy: climate change makes harvest unpredictable and lower, big regional differences, emergency feeding in summer, bee mortality on the rise also due to pesticides, honey market more or less stable but less monofloral honey, acacia price on the rise due to lower, negative outlook, more investment in technology and better quality of production
  • Denmark: average harvest, market situation very bad, bulk prices between 2-3€/kg, still stock from last two years, good dialogue with farmers and politians especially around the topic of pollination, last winter high colony losses (22%) due to bad market situation and low prices of honey (producers decreasing their number of colonies).
  • Austria: one of the worst harvest in decades, about 50 % of the usual. Share of forest areas is high, but forest honey and hoeydew production was hit heavily by weather events. Acacia harvest pretty bad. Too early to speak on the effect on prices.
  • Germany: in average about average harvest (30 kg/colony) with huge regional differences (good harvest in spring in the north and middle of the country), bad prices between 3-4€/kg in bulk. There’s about 1 million bee colonies in Germany. Many beekeepers want to reduce the numbers due to the market situation. Climate change has a negative impact on production of monofloral honey. They work on better quality of German honey and support country of origin labelling.
  • Poland: very bad harvest (one of the worst in the history) due to high winter losses (40-50% in some regions), only rapeseed honey in spring. No acacia and no linden honey. Some automn honey from goldenrod (Solidago). Prices in bulk are around 4 €/kg.
  • Sweden: harvest more monofloral than normal. This year’s harvest will be lower due to spring rain and less brood. Prices in bulk stay curently at 5-6€/kg, the same as in the last year.
  • The Netherlands: good harvest of monofloral honeys, good weather conditions, beekeepers are attacked by preservationists of other pollinators, especially. Professional beekeepers, who practice pollination services, are impacted negatively by this as their colonies are declined from overwintering in areas with natural protection and by other land owners, e.g. heather areas.
  • Belgium: good to very good production. Only one season without spring and summer distinction. Big drought in summer, feeding of beehives was necessary. Prices stable. Similar problem for professional and other beekeepers as in the Netherlands. (the same discussions and pression in France and Denmark).
  • Hungary: the harvest was the worst in the last 30 years, not even 15.000 tonnes (half of the normal). Acacia crop especially bad in quantity and quality (fructose/glucose ratio). Export stops as there is no stock left. Hungary now even imports honey and honey packers now bottle imported honey, especially from Ukraine, India and China. Prices went up 43% for polyfloral and acacia honey 60% in the last three months. Problems with bee disappearance in sunflower flowering, even if the crop is not treated with neonicotionoids. Nectar and pollen flow continues late to automn as the climate changes. This is not always good for the bee colonies.
  • Portugal: bad harvest